Because of its effectiveness, incentive training is also one of the most widely used dog training methods. At the most basic level, incentive training works because you give your dog a treat or a smidgeon of food if he does what you ask. The food reward is usually accompanied by verbal praise from the owner. Food and praise are examples of positive reinforcement, which makes the dog learn to equate good things (food and praise) with the activity he did and allows him to replicate it. Have a look at Reseda Board and Train for more info on this.
In addition to being successful, reward training creates a much more pleasant training environment than other methods. You reward your dog if he does what you ask because it’s a reward-based system. Reward training never involves scolding, striking, punishing, or correcting your dog for not obeying your orders. All you have to do is reward and reinforce the behaviours you want your dog to perform. Parents and dogs will find that rewarding him rather than punishing him is a far more enjoyable activity.
However, you must be careful to only offer your dog treats at the appropriate times during training sessions. If the timing of the rewards is unrelated to your dog doing what you ask, he’ll be confused about what you want and will believe he’ll get treats regardless of what he does. As a result, make sure you just praise your dog when he or she does something good.
Aversive dog training, under which dogs are taught to equate bad actions with negative reinforcement such as scolding, corrections, or outright punishment, is similar to incentive training in several respects. When the dog exhibits the desired action, the negative reinforcement ceases. In principle, this method discourages dogs from repeating undesirable behaviours and teaches them to do what their owners want, but it’s a tedious process that isn’t nearly as successful as reward training. Rather than punishing your dog for misbehaving, incentive training allows you to show him what you want him to do and then reward him when he does it.